GAZA. Fotografías de un mes de infamia de muerte y destrucción contra el pueblo palestino



The Month in Pictures: July and August 2014

5 September 2014


A Palestinian boy looks at a house that was hit in an Israeli military strike in Gaza City on 10 August.
 (Ezz al-Zanoun / APA images)
Palestinians in the occupied Gaza Strip were subjected to more than fifty days of relentless Israeli bombardment from 7 July until a open-ended ceasefire was declared on 26 August.
The explosive force Israel dropped on Gaza is roughly equivalent to that of the Hiroshima atomic bomb. The United Nations agency OCHAdescribes the scale of damage as “unprecedented since the beginning of the Israeli occupation in 1967.”
At least 2,131 Palestinians were killed in the onslaught; 1,473 are believed to be civilians, including 501 children and 257 women, and 279 were members of armed groups. A further 379 persons could not yet be identified or their status established, according to OCHA statistics from 4 September.
“Many fatalities involved multiple family members, with at least 142 Palestinian families having three or more members killed in the same incident, for a total of 739 fatalities,” the agency adds.
The above death toll does not include the approximately 25 Palestinians accused of collaborating with Israel reportedly executed in Gaza.


As of 26 August, as reported by OCHA, the Palestinian Ministry of Health in Gaza stated that “11,100 Palestinians, including 3,374 children and 2,088 women and 410 elderly, have been injured. Preliminary estimates indicate that up to 1,000 of the children injured will have a permanent disability and up to 1,500 orphaned children will need sustained support from the child protection and welfare sectors.”
Seventy-one Israelis were killed during the hostilities, of whom 66 were soldiers, one security coordinator, and four civilians, including a child. A foreign national was also killed in Israel, according to OCHA.
“At the height of the conflict, an estimated 485,000 people — 28 percent of the population of Gaza — were internally displaced,” OCHA states. Approximately 110,000 displaced persons remain in schools administered by UNRWA, the UN agency for Palestine refugees, or with host families.
Approximately 18,000 housing units — or five percent of Gaza’s housing stock — were destroyed or severely damaged during the military assault; there was already a deficit of 71,000 housing units before the intensive bombing began on 7 July.


“The majority of the Gaza population has lost its productive assets,” according to OCHA. “According to the Palestinian Federation of Industries, 419 businesses and workshops were damaged, with 128 completely destroyed.”
Gaza’s economy, already profoundly suffering as a result of eight years of Israeli-imposed and Egypt-enforced blockade, was also impacted by the closure of the commercial crossings.
Farmers and herders were forced to abandon their lands and 17,000 hectares of Gaza’s croplands and much of its agricultural infrastructure was substantially damaged. Access to the sea was prohibited and fishermen continue to be shot at and detained despite the 26 August ceasefire, which restored the six nautical mile limit for fishing off of Gaza’s coast.
Israel bombed Gaza’s only power plant on 29 July and it remains inoperable, resulting in electricity outages of 18 hours per day in most areas. “Extensive damage to the water and wastewater system means that 20 to 30 percent of households, or 450,000 people, remain unable to access municipal water due to damage and/or low pressure,” OCHA adds.

West Bank and Jerusalem

The unprecedented violence and destruction in Gaza, which was subjected to large-scale assaults in July 2006, winter 2008-09 and November 2012, came on the heels of the largest Israeli military siege on the occupied West Bank in more than a decade.
In the Shuafat neighborhood of eastern occupied Jerusalem, a Palestinian boy was abducted and burned alive on 2 July in an apparent revenge attack after the discovery of the bodies of three slain Israeli teens in the West Bank a few days earlier. Three Israelis were later charged in relation to the killing of 16-year-old Muhammad Abu Khudair.
Protests and confrontations with Israeli forces erupted throughout the West Bank and present-day Israel after the killing, during which almost 600 Palestinian civilians were injured by Israeli forces, OCHA reports.
Twenty Palestinians were killed in the West Bank during the Israeli offensive in Gaza, among them three children, including an eleven-year-old boy shot in the back in al-Fawwar refugee camp near Hebron.
“The use of live ammunition as a crowd control method has been on the rise since the start of the protests against the Gaza offensive on 7 July,” OCHA notes in a report from 25 August. “Of the 2,218 injuries recorded in this period, 38 percent were by live ammunition, compared to 14 percent in the first half of 2014 and 4 percent in 2013,” the monitoring group adds.


Palestinian civil society groups in Israel meanwhile report an “increase in campaigns of racial incitement by public officials, the massive arrests of Arab citizens during anti-war demonstrations, police violence during these events, the rights violations of Arab detainees, and the rise of Arab workers being fired from employment as a result of expressing their opinions on Facebook in protest of the war on Gaza, among other subjects.”
The Haifa-based rights group Adalah pointed to an “unprecedented campaign of arrests” of Palestinians in present-day Israel and eastern occupied Jerusalem this summer, making it the largest wave of arrests of Palestinian citizens of Israel since the demonstrations following the killing of thirteen unarmed protesters in October 2000.
And in Syria, UNRWA reported that 270,000 of the 540,000 Palestinian refugees registered with the agency in the country are currently internally displaced, with an additional 70,000 displaced in third countries, the majority of them in Lebanon, where they face increasing restrictions which jeopardize their safety.
More than 18,000 civilians remain trapped in Yarmouk camp near Damascus, where delivery of humanitarian aid is frequently interrupted by fighting, according to updates from UNRWA.


Mourners carry the body of Palestinian youth Yousef Abu Zagha, 20, during his funeral at the Jenin refugee camp in the northern West Bank on 1 July. Israeli forces shot and killed the youth during a raid on the camp earlier in the day.
 (Nedal Eshtayah / APA images)


Israeli soldiers patrol a street in the West Bank city of Hebron on 2 July, three days after the discovery of the bodies of three Israeli teenagers who went missing in the West Bank two weeks prior.
 (Mamoun Wazwaz / APA images)


Palestinian children stand near a wall vandalized with Hebrew-language graffiti reading “blood vengeance” and “price tag” in the village of Aqaba, south of the West Bank city of Nablus, 2 July.
 (Nedal Eshtayah / APA images)


Israeli flares illuminate the sky over Gaza City early 3 July.
 (Ali Jadallah / APA images)


Palestinians inspect the rubble of their home which was destroyed by Israeli army bulldozers in Aqaba village near the West Bank city of Tubas on 3 July.
 (Nedal Eshtayah)


Abu Obeida, the spokesperson of Hamas’ military wing, speaks during a press conference in Gaza City on 3 July after Israel launched several airstrikes on the city and in northern Gaza.
 (Ashraf Amra / APA images)


Mourners carry the body of murdered teen Muhammad Abu Khudair as thousands of Palestinians take part in his funeral in the Shuafat neighborhood of eastern occupied Jerusalem on 4 July. The sixteen-year-old was kidnapped and killed in a nationalist-motivated act of revenge for the slaying of three Israeli youths whose bodies were found in the West Bank several days prior.
 (Faiz Abu Rmeleh / ActiveStills)


Palestinian protesters throw stones at an Israeli bulldozer following a weekly protest against the expropriation of Palestinian land in the West Bank village of Kufr Qaddoum near Nablus on 4 July.
 (Nedal Eshtayah / APA images)


The fiancée of Abdul Rahman Zamil mourns over the slain fighter’s body at a hospital morgue in Rafah, southern Gaza Strip, on 7 July. Hamas said seven of its fighters were killed in Israeli airstrikes that day, making it the deadliest for the resistance group since 2012.
 (Eyad Al Baba / APA images)


Palestinians inspect a destroyed car following an Israeli airstrike in central Gaza City on 8 July.
 (Ali Jadallah / APA images)


Muhammad Hamad mourns during the funeral of six members of his family killed in an Israeli airstrike on their home in the northern Gaza town of Beit Hanoun, 9 July.
 (Ali Jadallah / APA images)


A Palestinian comes to the aid of Mustafa Malaka after his Gaza City home was destroyed in an Israeli airstrike which killed his wife and son on 9 July.
 (Omar Abed / APA images)


A man carries the body of a Palestinian boy whom hospital officials said was killed in an Israeli airstrike on his family’s home in Gaza City on 9 July.
 (Ashraf Amra / APA images)


Israeli soldiers walk past a shop in the Old City of Jerusalem during the month of Ramadan on 9 July.
 (Saeed Qaq / APA images)


Palestinians search for victims under the rubble of a house which was destroyed in an Israeli airstrike in Rafah, southern Gaza Strip, 11 July.
 (Ali Jadallah / APA images)


The mother of Palestinian doctor Anas Abu al-Kas, 33, mourns over her son’s body during his funeral in Jabaliya refugee camp in the northern Gaza Strip, 11 July.
 (Hosam Salem / APA images)


An empty Gaza City market on 11 July.
 (Ali Jadallah / APA images)


A Palestinian man sits in his damaged living room in Gaza City on 12 July.
 (Ezz al-Zanoun / APA images)


Right-wing nationalists attack left-wing activists during a protest in central Tel Aviv against the Israeli attack on Gaza, 12 July.
 (Oren Ziv / ActiveStills)


The blood of the Batsh family who were slain in an Israeli airraid pools at a hospital morgue in Gaza City on 13 July. The airstrike targeting the home of Gaza’s chief of police killed 17 persons.
 (Ezz al-Zanoun / APA images)


Children in a bomb shelter in southern Israel on 14 July.
 (Yotam Ronen / ActiveStills)


Ten-year-old Palestinian boy Khaled Shalat paints at a hospital bed in Deir al-Balah in the central Gaza Strip on 15 July. The child was admitted to the hospital after an airstrike on his family’s home that killed his father and wounded four others, including his mother.
 (Anas Muaileq / APA images)


Rockets are launched from Gaza City into Israel on 15 July.
 (Ashraf Amra / APA images)


Israelis gather on a hill to watch airstrikes on Gaza near the town of Sderot on 15 July.
 (Yotam Ronen / ActiveStills)


A Palestinian child wounded in an Israeli military strike cries while receiving medical care at a hospital in Khan Younis in the southern Gaza Strip on 16 July.
 (Ezz al-Zanoun / APA images)


Relatives of four Palestinian children from the Baker family, killed by Israeli shelling as they played on a Gaza City beach, mourn during their funeral on 16 July.
 (Ashraf Amra / APA images)


The bodies of three children from the Shuhaibar family who were killed in an Israeli airstrike in the Sabra neighborhood of Gaza City on 17 July. The children were killed immediately after a temporary five-hour humanitarian ceasefire ended.
 (Anne Paq / ActiveStills)


Israeli police order a Palestinian youth to remove his clothes as he attempts to enter Damascus Gate in the Old City of Jerusalem for prayer on the third Friday of Ramadan, 18 July.
 (Saeed Qaq / APA images)


Medics evacuate the body of a man from the Shujaiya neighborhood east of Gaza City on 20 July. Dozens of residents were killed and hundreds more wounded by Israeli forces in a massacre in the neighborhood that day.
 (Ashraf Amra / APA images)


Palestinians from Shujaiya east of Gaza City take refuge in al-Shifa hospital following a massive assault on their neighborhood on 20 July.
 (Anne Paq / ActiveStills)


Palestinian rescue workers and bystanders remove a body from the rubble of a house destroyed in an Israeli missile strike in Gaza City on 21 July.
 (Ashraf Amra / APA images)


A funeral is held on 21 July for the members of the Abu Jami family who were killed the previous day during an Israeli attack on the Bani Suhaila neighborhood of Khan Younis, southern Gaza Strip.
 (Basel Yazouri / ActiveStills)


US Secretary of State John Kerry and Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu in Tel Aviv on 23 July.
 (State Department photo)


A relative of two-year-old Salma Radiya, killed by shrapnel from an Israeli tank shell in the northern Gaza Strip, holds the girl’s body at a cemetery in Beit Lahia on 23 July.
 (Ali Jadallah / APA images)


A protester carries Muhammad Qasem Hamamreh after he was shot in the head during the early morning of 23 July during confrontations with the Israeli army in the West Bank village of Husan. He later died of his wounds.
 (Mustafa Bader / ActiveStills)


Palestinian youths clash with Israeli forces following a massive protest against the Israeli attack on Gaza at Qalandiya checkpoint near Ramallah, 24 July.
 (Oren Ziv / ActiveStills)


Family members and friends carry the body of Muhammad al-Araj during his funeral at the Qalandiya refugee camp near the West Bank city of Ramallah on 25 July. Al-Araj was shot and killed by Israeli forces during a mass protest against the onslaught on Gaza at Qalandiya checkpoint.
 (Yotam Ronen / ActiveStills)


A Palestinian shot with live ammunition by an Israeli settler is treated at a hospital in the West Bank city of Nablus on 25 July. An Israeli settler fired on a demonstration in solidarity with Gaza in Huwwara village near Nablus, killing one.
 (Ahmad Al-Bazz / ActiveStills)


Palestinian mourners pray over the bodies of ten victims, including one-year-old Noha Mesleh, killed when a United Nations-run school in Beit Hanoun was hit by Israeli tank shelling, during their funeral in Beit Lahia, northern Gaza Strip, 25 July.
 (Ashraf Amra / APA images)


Damage inside the al-Aqsa hospital in Deir al-Balah, central Gaza, following an Israeli attack, 26 July. The direct attack, which took place on 21 July, killed at least five Palestinians and injured seventy.
 (Anne Paq / ActiveStills)


A general view of the destruction in the Shujaiya neighborhood east of Gaza City during a 12-hour humanitarian truce on 26 July.
(Ashraf Amra / APA images)


Smoke rises from a building hit in an Israeli airstrike in Gaza City on 27 July.
 (Mohammed Talatene / APA images)


Palestinian Authority leader Mahmoud Abbas meets with Saudi King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz al-Saud in Jeddah on 27 July.
 (Thaer Ganaim / APA images)


A relative of one of the children killed in an Israeli strike on a playground in al-Shati refugee camp mourn at a Gaza City cemetery on 28 July, the first day of the Eid al-Fitr holiday marking the end of Ramadan. Ten people, mostly children, were killed and forty injured in the attack.
 (Anne Paq / ActiveStills)


Palestinians displaced by the Israeli military attend Eid al-Fitr prayer at a United Nations-run school in Gaza City on 28 July.
(Mohammed Asad / APA images)


A displaced Palestinian in Gaza City receives a hair cut on the first day of the Eid al-Fitr holiday marking the end of Ramadan on 28 July.
 (Basel Yazouri / ActiveStills)


The rubble of the home of Ismail Haniyeh, the political leader of Hamas in Gaza, after the building was hit in an overnight Israeli airstrike, 29 July.
 (Ashraf Amra / APA images)


Rubble lies around the al-Aqsa television building that was destroyed in an Israeli strike in central Gaza City, 29 July.
 (Ezz al-Zanoun / APA images)


Palestinian men watch as flames engulf the fuel tanks of the only power plant supplying electricity to the Gaza Strip after it was hit by overnight Israeli shelling on 29 July.
 (Ashraf Amra / APA images)


Palestinian men evacuate the body of Palestinian journalist Rami Rayyan, killed in an Israeli airstrike on a market in the Shujaiya neighborhood east of Gaza City on 30 July. At least 15 people were killed and 150 people wounded in the attack which came shortly after the Israeli army said it was observing a humanitarian lull that would be in force for four hours.
 (Ashraf Amra / APA images)


Palestinians walk past the collapsed minaret of a destroyed mosque in Gaza City on 30 July after it was hit in an overnight Israeli strike.
 (Ashraf Amra)


A Palestinian injured in Israeli attacks on the Sabra neighborhood of Gaza City awaits treatment at al-Shifa hospital on 30 July.
(Anne Paq / ActiveStills)


Palestinians recover bodies from the rubble of the Khuzaa neighborhood east of Khan Younis, southern Gaza, on 1 August following bombardment by Israeli forces.
 (Anne Paq / ActiveStills)


Palestinians carry their belongings after salvaging them from their destroyed house in the heavily bombed town of Beit Hanoun near the Gaza Strip’s northern boundary with Israel on 1 August.
 (Ezz al-Zanoun / APA images)


Medics gather around the body of Udai Nafez on 1 August at a hospital in the West Bank city of Ramallah, where the young man died after he was shot in the chest during confrontations with Israeli forces in nearby Saffa village. Dozens of Palestinians were wounded by live ammunition and rubber bullets fired by Israeli forces throughout the West Bank that day.
 (Shadi Hatem / APA images)


A general view shows the collapsed minaret of a destroyed mosque in Gaza City on 2 August after it was hit in an overnight Israeli strike.
 (Ashraf Amra / APA images)


Palestinian youths living in Israel carry props symbolizing child victims in Gaza during a demonstration in the northern village of Tamra against the Israeli onslaught on 2 August.
 (Faiz Abu Rmeleh / ActiveStills)


Bodies lie on the floor of Kuwaiti hospital in Rafah, southern Gaza, after Israeli attacks on 3 August. The private hospital opened its doors to emergency cases after Rafah’s al-Najjar hospital was closed.
 (Basel Yazouri / ActiveStills)


The scene outside a UN-run school in Rafah, in the southern Gaza Strip, after it was hit by Israeli fire on 3 August, killing at least nine.
 (Ashraf Amra / APA images)


Israeli soldiers stand guard during a daytime raid on the West Bank city of al-Bireh, near Ramallah, the seat of the Palestinian Authority, on 3 August.
 (Shadi Hatem / APA images)


A paramedic carries the lifeless body of a baby after an Israeli airstrike hit the al-Ghoul family building in Rafah, southern Gaza Strip, on 3 August. Nine members of the family were killed in the strike.
 (Ashraf Amra / APA images)


A Palestinian man reacts after the body of his mother was removed from the rubble of their house which was destroyed in an Israeli airstrike in Rafah, southern Gaza Strip, 4 August.
 (Ashraf Amra / APA images)


Israeli rescue workers stand near a body at the scene of an alleged attack in Jerusalem on 4 August. An Israeli was killed and five others injured when a Palestinian operating a mechanical digger ran into a bus in West Jerusalem. The Palestinian driver ran over the Israeli fatality before upturning the bus, according to the UN agency OCHA, and was shot dead by a prison security guard.
(Saeed Qaq / APA images)


Palestinian children play on the beach in Gaza City on the first day of a five-day ceasefire on 5 August.
 (Mohammed Talatene / APA images)


Palestinian children play on a destroyed Israeli military vehicle in the east of Khan Younis, southern Gaza Strip, on 6 August, the second day of a five-day ceasefire.
 (Ramadan Al-Agha / APA images)


Palestinians rally in support of Hamas following Friday prayers in the West Bank city of Ramallah on 8 August.
 (Shadi Hatem / APA images)


Firefighters battle a blaze at a soap factory hit in an Israeli airstrike in Gaza City on 10 August.
 (Ashraf Amra / APA images)


Palestinians gather around the remains of a mosque which was destroyed in an Israeli airstrike before a 72-hour truce in Khan Younis, southern Gaza Strip, 11 August.
 (Ramadan El-Agha / APA images)


Women from the Abu Odeh family prepare dough to bake bread in a destroyed house in Beit Hanoun, northern Gaza Strip, on 11 August. The Abu Odeh family, 33 people in total, 21 of them children, live in a three-story building that has six apartments. They fled to a school in Jabaliya refugee camp but returned to their bombed home, lacking electricity and gas, because of harsh conditions in the school.
 (Basel Yazouri / ActiveStills)


The body of the wanted Palestinian Zakaria al-Aqra, 24, after he was killed by the Israeli army in the village of Qabalan, near the West Bank city of Nablus on 11 August. Six people from the young man’s family were wounded and his house partly destroyed during an eight-hour raid.
 (Ahmad Al-Bazz / ActiveStills)


A Palestinian girl walks in front of destroyed houses in Beit Lahiya in northern Gaza during a 72-hour truce on 12 August.
(Mohammed Othman / APA images)


Palestinians retrieve their belongings from their home in Beit Hanoun, northern Gaza, following Israeli bombardment on 12 August.
(Basel Yazouri / ActiveStills)


Omar Ali Wahdan, a three-year-and-a-half-old Palestinian boy wounded in the Israeli assault on Gaza, receives treatment for burns and injuries at al-Shifa hospital in Gaza City on 16 August.
 (Abedllah Jadallah / APA images)


Supporters of the Organization for Prevention of Assimilation in the Holy Land (LEHAVA) protest outside the wedding hall where Mahmoud Mansour, a Palestinian citizen of Israel, and Morel Malcha, Jewish Israeli, married on 17 August in the coastal city of Rishon Letzion.
 (Oren Ziv / ActiveStills)


Displaced Palestinians attend a ceremony at a United Nations-run school in Gaza City for seven babies who were born in shelters during the Israeli offensive, 19 August.
 (Mohammed Talatene / APA images)


A general view of the destroyed and deserted Gaza airport in the southern city of Rafah on 19 August.
 (Abed Rahim Khatib / APA images)


Palestinian Authority leader Mahmoud Abbas meets with King Abdullah II of Jordan at the royal palace in Amman on 20 August ahead of talks with the emir of Qatar and exiled Hamas leader Khaled Meshaal.
 (Thaer Ganaim / APA images)


Ali, the infant son of Muhammad Deif, Hamas’ military commander, is carried during his funeral in northern Gaza on 20 August. The child was killed along with his mother in an Israeli airstrike.
 (Ezz al-Zanoun / APA images)


Palestinians gather around the bloodstains of Palestinians suspected of collaborating with Israel after they were executed in Gaza City on 22 August.
 (APA images)


Palestinian protestors throw rocks at Palestinian riot police during protests against the assault on Gaza in the West Bank city of Hebron following Friday prayers on 22 August.
 (Mamoun Wazwaz / APA images)


Palestinians look at the rubble of a residential tower in central Gaza City which was destroyed in an Israeli airstrike, 24 August.
(Ashraf Amra / APA images)


Palestinians gather around the remains of a commercial center in Rafah hit in an Israeli airstrike, 24 August.
 (Abed Rahim Khatib / APA images)


A Palestinian inspects the damage from an Israeli airstrike at the departure lounge of the Rafah border crossing with Egypt in the southern Gaza Strip on 25 August.
 (Abed Rahim Khatib / APA images)


Palestinians in Gaza City celebrate an open-ended ceasefire on 26 August.
 (Mohammed Othman / APA images)


Ismail Haniyeh (center), Hamas’ political leader in the Gaza Strip, stands next to senior Hamas leader Mahmoud al-Zahar (second from left), during a rally in Gaza City on 27 August.
 (Ali Jadallah / APA images)


Fighters from the Qassam Brigades, the military wing of Hamas, and their supporters hold a victory rally in the Shujaiya neighborhood of Gaza City on 27 August.
 (Ashraf Amra / APA images)


A Palestinian boy carries a shark at the Gaza City port early on 29 August. The 26 August ceasefire stipulates the relaxing of restrictions imposed on Gaza fishermen.
 (Ezz al-Zanoun / APA images)


Hamas supporters rally in the West Bank city of Tulkarem on 30 August.
 (Nedal Eshtayah / APA images)


A Palestinian man sits on rubble after returning home to the Tuffah neighborhood in eastern Gaza City on 31 August.
 (Ashraf Amra / APA images)

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